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Theories of distributive justice / John E. Roemer.
By: Roemer, John E.Material type: BookPublisher: Cambridge, Mass : Harvard University Press, 1996Description: ix, 342 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.ISBN: 0674879201 (pbk: alk. paper); 9780674879201 (pbk: alk. paper).Subject(s): Income distribution -- Mathematical models | Distributive justice -- Mathematical models | Welfare economics -- Mathematical modelsDDC classification: 339.2 ROE Online resources: Table of contents
|Item type||Current location||Call number||Status||Date due||Barcode|
|Book||Indian Institute for Human Settlements, Bangalore||339.2 ROE 003281 (Browse shelf)||Available||003281|
Includes bibliographical references (p. 323-330) and index.
1. The Measurement of Utility and Arrow's Theorem -- 2. Axiomatic Bargaining Theory -- 3. Axiomatic Mechanism Theory on Economic Environments -- 4. Utilitarianism -- 5. Primary Goods, Fundamental Preferences, and Functionings -- 6. Neo-Lockeanism and Self-Ownership -- 7. Equality of Welfare versus Equality of Resources -- 8. Equality of Opportunity for Welfare -- Appendix: Envy-Free Allocations.
Equally at home in economic theory and political philosophy, John Roemer has written a unique book that critiques economists' conceptions of justice from a philosophical perspective and philosophical theories of distributive justice from an economic one. He unites the economist's skill in constructing precise, axiomatic models with the philosopher's in exploring the assumptions of those models. His synthesis will enable philosophers and economists to engage each other's ideas more fruitfully.
Roemer first shows how economists' understanding of the fairness of various resource allocation mechanisms can be enriched. He extends the theory of social choice to show how individual preferences can be aggregated into social preferences over various economic alternatives. He critiques the standard applications of axiomatic bargaining theory to distributive justice, showing that they ignore information on available resources and preference orderings.
He puts these variables in the models, which enables him to generate resource allocation mechanisms that are more consonant with our intuitions about distributive justice. He then critiques economists' theories of utilitarianism and examines the question of the optimal population size in a world of finite resources.
Roemer explores the major new philosophical concepts of the theory of distributive justice - primary goods, functionings and capability, responsibility in its various forms, procedural versus outcome justice, midfare - and shows how they can be sharpened and clarified with the aid of economic analysis. He critiques and extends the ideas of major contemporary theories of distributive justice, including those of Rawls, Sen, Nozick, and Dworkin. Beginning from the recent theories of Richard Arneson and G. A.
Cohen, he constructs a theory of equality of opportunity. Theories of Distributive Justice contains important and original results, but it can also be used as a graduate-level text in economics and philosophy.