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Energy efficiency in the urban environment / Heba Allah Essam E. Khalil, Essam E. Khalil.

By: Khalil, Heba Allah Essam E [author.].
Contributor(s): Khalil, E. E [author.].
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Boca Raton : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015Description: xxviii, 275 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9781482250633 (hardback) .Subject(s): Energy consumption | Cities and towns -- Energy consumption | Architecture and energy conservation | Sustainable buildingsDDC classification: 333.7916 KHA
Contents:
1.1.General 1.2.Energy Efficiency Concepts, Definitions and Measures 1.3.Quality of Life as an Indicator for Human Progress 1.3.1.Quality of Life versus Standard of Living Concepts 1.3.2.Quality of Life Indices 1.4.Ecological Footprint and Human Development Index 1.5.Quality of Life and Sustainability 1.5.1.Quality of Life, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energies in the Built Environment 1.6.Energy Performance 1.7.Energy Efficiency Indicators 1.8.Energy Efficiency Standards 1.9.Energy Labels 1.10.Concluding Remarks References 2.1.Introduction 2.2.Cities and Energy Consumption: The Macrolevel 2.2.1.Size 2.2.1.1.Mega Growth, Mega Complexity 2.2.2.Role and Competitiveness 2.3.Cities and Energy Consumption: The Microlevel 2.3.1.Urban Pattern 2.3.1.1.Compact versus Dispersed Development 2.3.1.2.Density 2.3.2.Land-Use Distribution and Home[&​#x2014;]Work Trip Contents note continued: 2.3.2.1.New Urbanism and Transit-Oriented Development 2.3.2.2.Long-Distance Leisure Time Travel: Compensatory Travel? 2.3.3.Road Network and Transportation Network 2.3.3.1.Road Network 2.3.3.2.Transportation 2.3.3.3.Parking 2.3.4.Buildings: Form, Height and Facade Treatment 2.3.5.Renewable Energy 2.4.City Consumption and City Impact 2.4.1.Ecological Footprint 2.4.2.Sustainability Assessment 2.5.Roles of Stakeholders in Planning for EE 2.5.1.Legislations and Laws Addressing Environmental Issues 2.5.2.Governance 2.6.The Middle East Context 2.6.1.The Gulf Area 2.6.1.1.A Return to Compact Cities 2.6.1.2.Masdar City: Innovative Technologies 2.6.2.Egypt 2.6.2.1.Strategic Planning for Cities Programme 2.6.2.2.Cairo 2.7.Conclusions 3.1.Introduction 3.2.Quality of Life Is a Right 3.3.Measuring Sustainable Development 3.3.1.Indices to Rate Urban Agglomerations Contents note continued: 3.3.1.1.Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency (CASBEE) 3.3.1.2.LEED for Neighbourhood Development 3.3.1.3.Green City Index 3.4.Sustainable Urbanism Theories 3.4.1.NU and Smart Growth 3.4.2.Transit-Oriented Development 3.4.3.Sustainable Urbanism 3.5.Best Practices in Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Urbanism Principles 3.6.Guidelines for Egyptian Sustainable Cities 3.7.Conclusions 4.1.Introduction: Scarce Resources, Efficient Practices, Urbanisation and Sustainability 4.2.Western Urbanisation and the Call for Sustainable Urban Development 4.3.The Developing World Urbanisation: Informalisation 4.3.1.Informal Areas Built on Agricultural Land 4.3.2.Informal Areas Built on Desert Land 4.3.3.Informal Area Upgrading Programmes 4.4.Do Informal Areas Possess Sustainable Potentials? Is Informalisation 'Smart'? Contents note continued: 4.4.1.Defined Neighbourhood (with Quality Architecture and Urban Design) 4.4.2.Compactness 4.4.2.1.Walkability 4.4.2.2.Connectivity 4.4.2.3.Increased Density 4.4.3.Completeness with Daily and Lifelong Utilities 4.4.3.1.Mixed Use and Diversity 4.4.3.2.Mixed Housing 4.4.4.Connectedness with Integrating Transportation and Land Use 4.4.5.Enhancing the Quality of Life 4.4.6.Stakeholder Participation 4.5.Conclusions 5.1.Conventional Power Plants 5.1.1.General 5.1.2.Need for Power 5.1.3.Characteristics of a Steam Power Plant 5.1.4.Classification of Power Plant Cycle 5.1.4.1.Rankine Steam Cycle 5.1.4.2.Gas Cycles 5.2.Strategic Urban Planning Programme: Lacking Energy Component 5.2.1.Description of SUP Processes 5.2.1.1.Basic Stages of an SUP Process 5.2.1.2.Critical Comments on SUP Processes 5.2.1.3.Theoretical Development 5.3.Building New Communities in Desert Areas Contents note continued: 5.3.1.Strategic Plan Highlights 5.3.2.Partnerships 5.3.3.Leveraging 5.3.4.Community Involvement 6.1.Energy-Efficient Buildings: A Challenging Era 6.1.1.Energy Declaration of Buildings 6.1.2.Energy Performance 6.1.3.Need for Further Development 6.1.4.Mathematical Simulation Tools 6.1.5.Arab Energy in Buildings Code 6.1.6.Conclusions 6.2.Indoor Environmental Quality 6.2.1.General 6.2.2.Definitions 6.2.3.Requirements 6.2.4.Minimum Ventilation Rates 6.2.5.Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring 6.2.5.1.Spaces Ventilated by Mechanical Systems 6.2.5.2.Naturally Ventilated Spaces 6.2.5.3.CO2 Sensors 6.2.6.Filtration and Air Cleaner Requirements 6.2.6.1.Particulate Matter 6.2.6.2.Ozone 6.2.6.3.Bypass Pathways 6.2.7.Building Requirements 6.2.7.1.Building Entrances 6.2.8.Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy Comfort 6.2.9.Acoustical Control Contents note continued: 6.2.9.1.Exterior Sound 6.2.9.2.Interior Sound 6.2.9.3.OITC and STC 6.2.10.Day Lighting by Top Lighting 6.2.10.1.Minimum Daylight Zone by Top Lighting 6.2.10.2.Skylight Characteristics 6.2.11.Isolation of the Building from Pollutants in Soil 6.2.12.Prescriptive Option 6.2.12.1.Day Lighting by Side Lighting 6.2.13.Materials 6.2.13.1.Adhesives and Sealants 6.2.13.2.Emissions 6.2.13.3.Floor Covering Materials 6.2.13.4.Composite Wood, Wood Structural Panel and Agrifibre Products 6.2.13.5.Office Furniture Systems and Seating 6.2.13.6.Ceiling and Wall Systems 6.2.14.Performance Option 6.2.14.1.Day Lighting Simulation 6.2.14.2.Direct Sun Limitation on Work Plane Surface in Offices 6.2.14.3.Materials 6.3.Rating Systems of Energy-Efficient Buildings 6.3.1.Introduction 6.3.2.Major Appliances 6.3.2.1.European Union Energy Label 6.3.2.2.U.K. Energy Performance Certificate Contents note continued: 6.3.2.3.Non-Domestic EPCs 6.3.2.4.Display Energy Certificates 6.3.2.5.Criticism 6.3.2.6.The Energy Label Australia 6.3.2.7.Base Energy Consumption and Star Rating 6.3.2.8.U.S. Energy Star 6.3.2.9.Energy Performance Ratings 6.3.3.Summary of Energy Standards and Labelling Reference Standards Related Acts 7.1.Energy-Efficient Designs of Low Carbon Buildings 7.1.1.Summary 7.1.2.Rationale and Benefits 7.1.3.The Holistic Approach: Think 'Pyramids' 7.2.Energy-Efficient Buildings 7.2.1.Energy Declaration of Buildings 7.2.2.Energy Declaration of Existing Buildings 7.2.3.Energy Declaration of New Buildings 7.2.4.Issues for International Collaboration 7.2.5.Concluding Remarks 7.3.New Design Practices 7.3.1.General 7.3.2.Comfort Levels 7.3.2.1.Introduction 7.3.2.2.Problem Identification 7.3.2.3.Status Quo 7.3.2.4.Closure 7.3.3.Air Quality 7.3.3.1.Introduction Contents note continued: 7.3.3.2.Problem Identification 7.3.3.3.Status Quo 7.3.3.4.Closure 7.3.4.Energy-Efficient Building Design 7.3.4.1.Introduction 7.3.4.2.Problem Identification: Pyramid Concept 7.3.4.3.Status Quo 7.3.4.4.Closure 7.3.5.Air-Conditioning System Design of Commercial Buildings 7.3.5.1.Load Characteristics 7.3.5.2.Design Concepts 7.3.5.3.Special Considerations 7.3.5.4.Design Criteria 7.3.5.5.Building Contents 7.3.5.6.Effect of Ambient Atmosphere 7.3.5.7.Sound and Vibration 7.3.6.Evaluation Indices 7.3.6.1.Introduction 7.3.6.2.Problem Identification 7.3.6.3.Status Quo 7.3.6.4.Closure Further Readings 8.1.General 8.2.Concepts 8.2.1.Life Cycle Assessment 8.3.Measures and Assessments 8.3.1.Guiding Principles for Sustainable Existing Buildings 8.3.2.Design Considerations and Enforcement 8.4.New Design Practices and Renewable Energy Blends Contents note continued: 8.4.1.Ocean and Alternative Energies 8.5.Closure 9.1.Examples of Public and Residential Buildings 9.1.1.Building Blocks of a National Standards and Labelling Programme 9.1.2.Technical/​Policy 9.1.3.Proposed Process 9.2.Measures and Assessments 9.2.1.Proposed Labels for Egypt: Major Appliances 9.2.1.1.Refrigerators, Freezers and Combined Appliances 9.2.1.2.Washing Machines and Tumble Dryers 9.2.1.3.Dishwashers 9.2.1.4.Air Conditioners 9.2.1.5.Light Bulbs 9.2.2.Concluding Remarks 9.3.Laws, Codes and Standards 9.3.1.Building Mechanical Systems 9.3.2.Ventilation Controls for High-Occupancy Areas 9.3.3.Building Service Water-Heating Systems 9.3.4.Energy-Saving Equipment 9.4.Energy Auditing 9.4.1.General 9.4.2.Benchmarking 9.4.2.1.Walk-Through or Preliminary Audit 9.4.2.2.General Audit 9.4.2.3.Investment-Grade Audit 9.4.2.4.Pollution Audits Contents note continued: 10.1.Continuous Urbanisation and Climate Change 10.2.Energy Efficiency and Urban Expansion 10.3.Integrating Renewable Energies into Urban Planning 10.4.Energy-Efficient Building Envelopes 10.5.Providing Integrated Solutions for Low-Income Areas Constituting Most Urbanisation Activities 10.6.Awareness Regarding Climate Change, Energy Crisis and Resource-Efficient Urbanism 10.7.Bottom-Up Approaches versus Top-Down Interventions 10.8.New Business Models of Green Economy that Support Energy-Efficient Urban Development References.
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Book Book Indian Institute for Human Settlements, Bangalore
333.7916 KHA 011156 (Browse shelf) Available 011156

Includes bibliographical references (pages 251-264) and index.

1.1.General
1.2.Energy Efficiency Concepts, Definitions and Measures
1.3.Quality of Life as an Indicator for Human Progress
1.3.1.Quality of Life versus Standard of Living Concepts
1.3.2.Quality of Life Indices
1.4.Ecological Footprint and Human Development Index
1.5.Quality of Life and Sustainability
1.5.1.Quality of Life, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energies in the Built Environment
1.6.Energy Performance
1.7.Energy Efficiency Indicators
1.8.Energy Efficiency Standards
1.9.Energy Labels
1.10.Concluding Remarks
References
2.1.Introduction
2.2.Cities and Energy Consumption: The Macrolevel
2.2.1.Size
2.2.1.1.Mega Growth, Mega Complexity
2.2.2.Role and Competitiveness
2.3.Cities and Energy Consumption: The Microlevel
2.3.1.Urban Pattern
2.3.1.1.Compact versus Dispersed Development
2.3.1.2.Density
2.3.2.Land-Use Distribution and Home[&​#x2014;]Work Trip
Contents note continued: 2.3.2.1.New Urbanism and Transit-Oriented Development
2.3.2.2.Long-Distance Leisure Time Travel: Compensatory Travel?
2.3.3.Road Network and Transportation Network
2.3.3.1.Road Network
2.3.3.2.Transportation
2.3.3.3.Parking
2.3.4.Buildings: Form, Height and Facade Treatment
2.3.5.Renewable Energy
2.4.City Consumption and City Impact
2.4.1.Ecological Footprint
2.4.2.Sustainability Assessment
2.5.Roles of Stakeholders in Planning for EE
2.5.1.Legislations and Laws Addressing Environmental Issues
2.5.2.Governance
2.6.The Middle East Context
2.6.1.The Gulf Area
2.6.1.1.A Return to Compact Cities
2.6.1.2.Masdar City: Innovative Technologies
2.6.2.Egypt
2.6.2.1.Strategic Planning for Cities Programme
2.6.2.2.Cairo
2.7.Conclusions
3.1.Introduction
3.2.Quality of Life Is a Right
3.3.Measuring Sustainable Development
3.3.1.Indices to Rate Urban Agglomerations
Contents note continued: 3.3.1.1.Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency (CASBEE)
3.3.1.2.LEED for Neighbourhood Development
3.3.1.3.Green City Index
3.4.Sustainable Urbanism Theories
3.4.1.NU and Smart Growth
3.4.2.Transit-Oriented Development
3.4.3.Sustainable Urbanism
3.5.Best Practices in Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Urbanism Principles
3.6.Guidelines for Egyptian Sustainable Cities
3.7.Conclusions
4.1.Introduction: Scarce Resources, Efficient Practices, Urbanisation and Sustainability
4.2.Western Urbanisation and the Call for Sustainable Urban Development
4.3.The Developing World Urbanisation: Informalisation
4.3.1.Informal Areas Built on Agricultural Land
4.3.2.Informal Areas Built on Desert Land
4.3.3.Informal Area Upgrading Programmes
4.4.Do Informal Areas Possess Sustainable Potentials? Is Informalisation 'Smart'?
Contents note continued: 4.4.1.Defined Neighbourhood (with Quality Architecture and Urban Design)
4.4.2.Compactness
4.4.2.1.Walkability
4.4.2.2.Connectivity
4.4.2.3.Increased Density
4.4.3.Completeness with Daily and Lifelong Utilities
4.4.3.1.Mixed Use and Diversity
4.4.3.2.Mixed Housing
4.4.4.Connectedness with Integrating Transportation and Land Use
4.4.5.Enhancing the Quality of Life
4.4.6.Stakeholder Participation
4.5.Conclusions
5.1.Conventional Power Plants
5.1.1.General
5.1.2.Need for Power
5.1.3.Characteristics of a Steam Power Plant
5.1.4.Classification of Power Plant Cycle
5.1.4.1.Rankine Steam Cycle
5.1.4.2.Gas Cycles
5.2.Strategic Urban Planning Programme: Lacking Energy Component
5.2.1.Description of SUP Processes
5.2.1.1.Basic Stages of an SUP Process
5.2.1.2.Critical Comments on SUP Processes
5.2.1.3.Theoretical Development
5.3.Building New Communities in Desert Areas
Contents note continued: 5.3.1.Strategic Plan Highlights
5.3.2.Partnerships
5.3.3.Leveraging
5.3.4.Community Involvement
6.1.Energy-Efficient Buildings: A Challenging Era
6.1.1.Energy Declaration of Buildings
6.1.2.Energy Performance
6.1.3.Need for Further Development
6.1.4.Mathematical Simulation Tools
6.1.5.Arab Energy in Buildings Code
6.1.6.Conclusions
6.2.Indoor Environmental Quality
6.2.1.General
6.2.2.Definitions
6.2.3.Requirements
6.2.4.Minimum Ventilation Rates
6.2.5.Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring
6.2.5.1.Spaces Ventilated by Mechanical Systems
6.2.5.2.Naturally Ventilated Spaces
6.2.5.3.CO2 Sensors
6.2.6.Filtration and Air Cleaner Requirements
6.2.6.1.Particulate Matter
6.2.6.2.Ozone
6.2.6.3.Bypass Pathways
6.2.7.Building Requirements
6.2.7.1.Building Entrances
6.2.8.Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy Comfort
6.2.9.Acoustical Control
Contents note continued: 6.2.9.1.Exterior Sound
6.2.9.2.Interior Sound
6.2.9.3.OITC and STC
6.2.10.Day Lighting by Top Lighting
6.2.10.1.Minimum Daylight Zone by Top Lighting
6.2.10.2.Skylight Characteristics
6.2.11.Isolation of the Building from Pollutants in Soil
6.2.12.Prescriptive Option
6.2.12.1.Day Lighting by Side Lighting
6.2.13.Materials
6.2.13.1.Adhesives and Sealants
6.2.13.2.Emissions
6.2.13.3.Floor Covering Materials
6.2.13.4.Composite Wood, Wood Structural Panel and Agrifibre Products
6.2.13.5.Office Furniture Systems and Seating
6.2.13.6.Ceiling and Wall Systems
6.2.14.Performance Option
6.2.14.1.Day Lighting Simulation
6.2.14.2.Direct Sun Limitation on Work Plane Surface in Offices
6.2.14.3.Materials
6.3.Rating Systems of Energy-Efficient Buildings
6.3.1.Introduction
6.3.2.Major Appliances
6.3.2.1.European Union Energy Label
6.3.2.2.U.K. Energy Performance Certificate
Contents note continued: 6.3.2.3.Non-Domestic EPCs
6.3.2.4.Display Energy Certificates
6.3.2.5.Criticism
6.3.2.6.The Energy Label Australia
6.3.2.7.Base Energy Consumption and Star Rating
6.3.2.8.U.S. Energy Star
6.3.2.9.Energy Performance Ratings
6.3.3.Summary of Energy Standards and Labelling
Reference Standards
Related Acts
7.1.Energy-Efficient Designs of Low Carbon Buildings
7.1.1.Summary
7.1.2.Rationale and Benefits
7.1.3.The Holistic Approach: Think 'Pyramids'
7.2.Energy-Efficient Buildings
7.2.1.Energy Declaration of Buildings
7.2.2.Energy Declaration of Existing Buildings
7.2.3.Energy Declaration of New Buildings
7.2.4.Issues for International Collaboration
7.2.5.Concluding Remarks
7.3.New Design Practices
7.3.1.General
7.3.2.Comfort Levels
7.3.2.1.Introduction
7.3.2.2.Problem Identification
7.3.2.3.Status Quo
7.3.2.4.Closure
7.3.3.Air Quality
7.3.3.1.Introduction
Contents note continued: 7.3.3.2.Problem Identification
7.3.3.3.Status Quo
7.3.3.4.Closure
7.3.4.Energy-Efficient Building Design
7.3.4.1.Introduction
7.3.4.2.Problem Identification: Pyramid Concept
7.3.4.3.Status Quo
7.3.4.4.Closure
7.3.5.Air-Conditioning System Design of Commercial Buildings
7.3.5.1.Load Characteristics
7.3.5.2.Design Concepts
7.3.5.3.Special Considerations
7.3.5.4.Design Criteria
7.3.5.5.Building Contents
7.3.5.6.Effect of Ambient Atmosphere
7.3.5.7.Sound and Vibration
7.3.6.Evaluation Indices
7.3.6.1.Introduction
7.3.6.2.Problem Identification
7.3.6.3.Status Quo
7.3.6.4.Closure
Further Readings
8.1.General
8.2.Concepts
8.2.1.Life Cycle Assessment
8.3.Measures and Assessments
8.3.1.Guiding Principles for Sustainable Existing Buildings
8.3.2.Design Considerations and Enforcement
8.4.New Design Practices and Renewable Energy Blends
Contents note continued: 8.4.1.Ocean and Alternative Energies
8.5.Closure
9.1.Examples of Public and Residential Buildings
9.1.1.Building Blocks of a National Standards and Labelling Programme
9.1.2.Technical/​Policy
9.1.3.Proposed Process
9.2.Measures and Assessments
9.2.1.Proposed Labels for Egypt: Major Appliances
9.2.1.1.Refrigerators, Freezers and Combined Appliances
9.2.1.2.Washing Machines and Tumble Dryers
9.2.1.3.Dishwashers
9.2.1.4.Air Conditioners
9.2.1.5.Light Bulbs
9.2.2.Concluding Remarks
9.3.Laws, Codes and Standards
9.3.1.Building Mechanical Systems
9.3.2.Ventilation Controls for High-Occupancy Areas
9.3.3.Building Service Water-Heating Systems
9.3.4.Energy-Saving Equipment
9.4.Energy Auditing
9.4.1.General
9.4.2.Benchmarking
9.4.2.1.Walk-Through or Preliminary Audit
9.4.2.2.General Audit
9.4.2.3.Investment-Grade Audit
9.4.2.4.Pollution Audits
Contents note continued: 10.1.Continuous Urbanisation and Climate Change
10.2.Energy Efficiency and Urban Expansion
10.3.Integrating Renewable Energies into Urban Planning
10.4.Energy-Efficient Building Envelopes
10.5.Providing Integrated Solutions for Low-Income Areas Constituting Most Urbanisation Activities
10.6.Awareness Regarding Climate Change, Energy Crisis and Resource-Efficient Urbanism
10.7.Bottom-Up Approaches versus Top-Down Interventions
10.8.New Business Models of Green Economy that Support Energy-Efficient Urban Development
References.

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